How 5G will move the cloud to the next level
5G will speed up the cloud in 2020
The 5G technology is about to arrive and according to experts, it will be one of the engines that will push, more than ever, the development and application of augmented reality, smart cities, smart cars, networking robots and, in general, everything related to the internet of things.
The implementation of 5G will be so important that even the US government is thinking about the possibility of creating a public company that becomes a 5G supplier, according to a report by Axios.
But why is 5G so important for cloud computing? How does it work and how will it improve our interaction with digital technology? Find the answers to this and other questions about 5G in this article.
What is 5G?
5G represents the fifth generation of mobile wireless technologies. The background of this technology goes back to 1990 when the 1G technology was used in the first cell phones. Subsequently, it was scaled to 2G and this opened the door for text messages between mobile phones.
The first great technological jump occurred with the use of 3G, which incorporated calls, SMS and internet in the first smartphones. The 4G was a qualitative change, especially in the aspect of speed. The 4G was enriched with the LTE (Long Term Evolution) technology that made the 4G much faster and more stable.
The high frequency and bandwidth of 5G will allow, for example, that your smartphone transmits and receives information 10 times faster than the current speed with 4G. In practical terms, this means that you can download a 3D movie in just 30 seconds. In a 5G network, the minimum data download speed will be 20 Gbps and 10 Gbps for loading, with a latency of 1 ms.
Some experts estimate that the 5G network will be available in 2020, although the most conservative predictions point to 2025 as the year it will be working everywhere. These predictions do not seem to affect the 5G developers so much since this year, Vodafone and Huawei have made the first 5G mobile call before anyone else.
How 5G will benefit the cloud
Considering that mobile devices are rapidly replacing desktop computers in the user´s preferences due to their accessibility and technological improvements, the cloud will have a great responsibility in the transmission of data at higher speeds and 5G will be its main ally.
Today, one of the biggest problems with data transmission is the high latency and inconsistent connectivity that affect applications in the cloud by reducing their functionality, especially while using mobile devices.
It is said that the speed of 5G will be comparable to LAN speeds. This will greatly benefit the client-server architecture such as cloud computing. In fact, they expect 5G frequency will be higher than LAN.
If this becomes reality, we will have much more advanced and sophisticated mobile applications and the best of all, fully functional. Thanks to 5G, cloud computing will finally be able to fully take advantage of augmented reality through the highly anticipated AR Cloud that will totally revolutionize our interaction with the physical world.
The connectivity will be completed through the Internet of things and the big data will benefit from the reduction to 0 of the delay time between the devices and the servers with which they communicate.
Disadvantages of installing 5G technology
The 5G will be built on the 4G platform, however, there are still some challenges that developers must overcome such as the installation of an expensive network of transmitters that overcome the disadvantages of assigning a higher band frequency.
This is because higher frequencies, such as 5G, cannot travel as far as low frequencies and go weak when they find obstacles on its way such as walls, windows or ceilings.
Therefore, it is necessary to install a larger number of transmitting antennas than those used for 4G so that the signal is reinforced over shorter distances.
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Who is working in 5G?
Of course, there are many technological giants behind the construction of the new superhighway called 5G. Because the work to install the necessary infrastructure for the operation of 5G is enormous for a single developer (it is estimated that the implementation of 5G in the United States will cost around 300,000 USD) the most important mobile phone companies have decided to work together to start this project. Some of them are AT & T, Verizon, T-mobile, and Sprint.
Nokia, Ericsson, and Huawei stand out since they are responsible for building the backbone network and the backup platform for 5G. Other companies involved with 5G are Qualcomm and Intel. Both are involved in the development phase of processors and radios capable of establishing 5G communications.
The future is reaching out to us and 5G will be responsible for accelerating all that technology that once seemed like a science fiction movie. Will we be ready to harmonize with that future or will we fall into an unfortunate technological dependence?